The foot is a flexible structure made of soft tissues, muscles, bones and joints. The forefoot comprises of five toes, the midfoot includes 5 bones that form the arch of the foot and the hind foot forms the heel and ankle. The ankle is a large joint made up of 3 bones, the tibia, fibula and talus. Ligaments and tendons run along the surface of the feet promoting easy and flexible movement.
Any injury, damage or abnormality in the region of the foot and ankle needs to be treated appropriately to prevent problems in movement. Some of the abnormalities of the foot and ankle are sprain, fracture, arthritis, gout, bunions, calluses, corns, spurs, Achilles tendon injury, infections, etc. These problems are identified through thorough physical examination, X-ray, CT-scan and MRI. Based on your age, diagnosis and severity, your doctor will suggest the best treatment options.
Surgery may be recommended if conservative methods like medication, physical support and exercise have proven to be ineffective in the treatment of your condition. Surgery can be performed through an open or arthroscopic approach. With the use of an arthroscope, a thin tube with a light and camera attached, your surgeon can make 2-3 small incisions on your skin as opposed to a large cut required for an open surgery. Arthroscopy allows minimal damage to the surrounding tissues, faster healing, and reduced hospital stay. The tissue causing the problem may be trimmed, removed, realigned or replaced to relieve the associated symptoms. Metal screws, plates or rods may be fixed at the site of injury to support the tissues and aid in healing. Following the surgery, your foot may be immobilized to assist in complete recovery with the help of a splint or brace.